Sunday, March 17, 2013

Jayalalitha PROFILE


J. Jayalalithaa (Jayalalithaa Jayaram),(born February 24, 1948, [Mother Tongue - Tamil] , Mysore) is a former Chief Minister of the state of Tamil Nadu, India. She is present general secretary of All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, a regional party in the state and the Leader of the Opposition of the Government of Tamil Nadu. She was voted out of power in the May 2006 elections. She is also the current Leader of the Opposition in the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly.she is popularly called Amma (mother) and Puratchi Thalaivi (Revolutionary Leader) by her followers.

She was born in Mysore to actress Sandhya as Komalavalli. Prior to her venture into politics, she had a successful career in the Tamil film industry as an actress. Chinnada Gombe, her first film (in Kannada) was a major hit. Her first Telugu film Manushulu Mamathalu made her a superstar. In 1972, she was honoured by the Tamil Nadu government with the award Kalaimamani.

Politics

In 1981, she joined the AIADMK and was nominated to the Rajya Sabha in 1984, marking her entry into the Parliament of India. Her association with politics grew from her relationship with M. G. Ramachandran (popularly known as M.G.R), movie star and then Chief Minister. On M.G R's death, she was alienated by a faction of the party who chose to support M.G R's wife Janaki Ramachandran. Drawing on her massive popularity and her image as the "wronged woman", in 1989, she won the elections to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly—incidentally, she became the first woman to be elected Leader of the Opposition. She accused that the then ruling party, the DMK (Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam - Dravidian People's Party), who allegedly tried to assault her in the assembly, and there, she reportedly took an oath to enter the assembly house only as chief minister.In 1991, following the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi, just days before the elections, her alliance with Indian National Congress paid off as a sympathy wave propelled the coalition to a massive victory. She was re-elected to the legislative assembly and became the first elected woman chief minister of Tamil Nadu (Janaki Ramachandran technically became the first woman chief minister following her husband's death, but she was unelected and presided over a transitional 'caretaker' government) serving the full tenure (June 24, 1991 - May 12, 1996). However, due to an anti-incumbency wave, and several allegations of corruption and malfeasance against her and her ministers, she lost power to the DMK in 1996, in a landslide defeat. All the ministers in her erstwhile cabinet, including her, were defeated in the elections and six of them even lost their deposits, indicating that they did not even secure the minimum number of votes expected of them. She returned to power with a huge majority in the 2001 elections, having mustered a bigger coalition and defying many pre-poll predictions. In the last assembly elections held in 2006, her party had to relinquish power to the DMK government.

During the years out of power, she had to face a number of criminal lawsuits related to her first term rule, mostly dealing with embezzlement and monetary fraud. In 2001, a specially designated court convicted her of criminal breach of trust and of illegally acquiring governmental property belonging to TANSI, a state-run agency, and sentenced her to five years' imprisonment. She appealed against the sentence to the Supreme Court of India. While the appeal was under judicial consideration, the conviction disqualified her from contesting the 2001 elections. However, having led her party to victory, she controversially became the Chief Minister as a non-elected member of the assembly.On September 21, 2001, a five-judge constitutional bench of the Supreme Court of India ruled that "a person who is convicted of a criminal offence and sentenced to imprisonment for a period of not less than two years cannot be appointed the Chief Minister of a State under Article 164 (1) read with (4) and cannot continue to function as such". Thereby, the bench decided that "in the appointment of Ms. Jayalalithaa as Chief Minister there has been a clear infringement of a Constitutional provision and that a writ of quo warranto must issue".In effect, her appointment as Chief Minister was declared null and invalid. Therefore, technically, she was not the Chief Minister in the period between May 14, 2001 and September 21, 2001. O. Panneerselvam, a minister, was subsequently installed as the Chief Minister. However, his government was widely believed to have been puppeted and micro-managed by Jayalalithaa. In 2003, the Supreme Court acquitted her in the specific case, for lack of conclusive evidence to convict her. This cleared the way for her to contest a mid-term poll to the Andipatti constituency, after the elected representative for the seat, gave up his membership. Winning the election by a handsome margin, Jayalalithaa took over the Chief Ministership again. She is still a party to a few criminal litigations from her first term rule in the courts in the neighbouring Karnataka state.

After the 2006 assembly elections, O. Panneerselvam was elected the AIADMK legislature party leader and hence the Leader of the Opposition in the assembly, after she decided not to attend the assembly except if "absolutely necessary". However she, by virtue of her strong control over her party, was considered to be the de-facto leader of the opposition in the state. Later that month when all the attending AIADMK MLAs were suspended, she started attending the assembly. She was elected the legislature party leader and now leads the opposition in the assembly.

Influence


In the era of coalition politics, she wielded powerful influence both at the national and the regional level. Over the years, her party has been a part of both the ruling and opposition alliances at various points in time. She was instrumental in toppling the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government in 1999, though it seemed to backfire on her as she lost the following Parliamentary elections. Her political fortunes took a downswing in the 2004 elections where her party, having lost all the seats it contested, was virtually wiped out in elections to the Union Parliament, and considerably diminished her influence over national politics.

* Many people and the media feel that Jayalalitha believes in numerology and astrology; they point to her name change from "Jayalalitha" to "Jayalalithaa" as being directly borne out of such a belief. Press reports too have mentioned her faith in astrology and numerology, stating that she consults astrologers before taking important political decisions.

Filmography

1. Nayakudu Vinayakudu (1980)
2. Devudu Chesina Manushulu (1973)
3. Akka Thamudu (1972)
4. Bharya Biddalu (1971)
5. Shri Krishna Satya (1971)
6. Alibaba 40 Dongalu (1970)
7. Engal Thangam (1970) .... Kala
8. Shri Krishna Vijayam (1970)
9. Adrushtavanthalu (1969)
10. Aadarsa Kutumbam (1969)
11. Mattukkara Velan (1969) .... Velan's Lover
12. Brahmachari (1968/II)
13. Kanavan (1968) .... Rani
14. Pudhiya Bhoomi (1968) .... Kannamma
15. Chikkadu Dorakadu (1967) .... Rani
16. Goodachari 116 (1967)
17. Kandan Karunai (1967) .... Muruga's Consort
18. Thaikku Thalaimagan (1967) .... Malathi
19. Kumari Penn (1966) .... Shyamala
20. Major Chandrakant (1966) .... Vimala
21. Navarathri (1966)
22. Ayirathil Oruvan (1965) .... Poonkodi
23. Manashulu Mamatalu (1965)
24. Epistle (1961)

Self:

1. Neenga Nalla Erukkanu (1992) .... Herself

Awards and degrees

In 1991, the University of Madras honoured her by conferring the degree of Doctor of Literature. In 1992, the Tamil Nadu Dr. MGR Medical University conferred the degree of Doctor of Science on her. In 1993, the Madurai Kamaraj University conferred the degree of Doctor of Letters on her. In 2003, the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University conferred the degree of Doctor of Science on her and the Bharathidasan University conferred the degree of Doctor of Letters on her.

You 

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Jayalalitha - Tamil Actress Profile

Jayalalitha Jayaram is a former Ex-Chief Minister and leader of the opposition of the Government of Tamil Nadu, India. She is the incumbent general secretary of All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, a Dravidian party in the state. She is popularly called Amma (mother) and Puratchi Thalaivi (Revolutionary Leader) by her followers. She was a popular film star in Tamil cinema before her entry into politics. 

Jayalalitha is a charismatic leader in Tamil Nadu politics. She was educated at the Bishop Cotton Girls High School in Bangalore and later at the Presentation Convent Church Park in Chennai. On completion of Matriculation in 1964, she won a scholarship from Government of India for higher studies but did not accept it as she took up a career in films in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Hindi, English and Malayalam. 

She was trained in classical dance (Bharata Natyam) and Carnatic Music from the age of 4 onwards. She is proficient in other dance-forms such as Mohini Attam, Kathak, Manipuri. She has given hundreds of performances in Bharatha Natyam all over India and has sung several songs herself in her films. She is proficient in English, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Hindi and can understand Malayalam also. 

She been the Member of Parliament to the Rajya Sabha from 1984. Retained the seat until she was elected to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly in January 1989 from Bodinayakkanur. She became the first Woman Leader of the Opposition in the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly. 

She won in both Bargur and Kangeyam constituencies during the General Elections to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly held in 1991. Subsequently, she resigned the Kangeyam Assembly seat. She was elected from Andipatti Assembly constituency in February 2002. 

Chief Minister Of Tamil Nadu: 

She was Chief Minister from 24-06-1991 to 12-05-1996, from 14-05-2001 to 21-09-2001 and from 02-03-2002. As a political leader, she became extremely popular in the state. Later, after the electoral victory of the A.I.A.D.M.K., she became Chief Minster of Tamil Nadu. She was arrested on corruption charges in 1996. She was charged with amassing wealth disproportionate to her income. Many scams also came into light. On February 2, 2000, she was convicted for corruption. Later, she again became the Chief Minster of Tamil Nadu. 

Awards and Degrees: 

In 1991, the University of Madras honoured her by conferring the degree of Doctor of Literature. In 1992, the Tamil Nadu Dr. MGR Medical University conferred the degree of Doctor of Science on her. In 1993, the Madurai Kamaraj University conferred the degree of Doctor of Letters on her. In 2003, the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University conferred the degree of Doctor of Science on her and the Bharathidasan University conferred the degree of Doctor of Letters on her. 

Name : J. Jayalalithaa 
Date Of Birth : February, 24, 1948 
Birth Of Place : Mysore, Karnataka 
Occupation : Ex-Chief Minister of Tamilnadu, Opposition Leader of Tamilnadu 
Debut Film : Chinnada Gombe (Kannada) 

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Real Name          : Komalavalli
Date of Birth      : 24th February 1949
Place Of Birth   : Mysore, Karnataka
Father's Name  : Jeyaram
Mother's Name: Sandhya
Siblings                             : \
Spouse                             : Single
Studied Upto                   : schooled at Sacred Heart Matriculation School
Previous Carrier            : Started as an actress
Introduced Film              : Chinnada Gombe
Director                           : Nagendra, Rajan
Languages Acted          : Tamil, telugu and kannada
Awards Won                   : KalaimamanI, Doctor of Literature, Doctor of Science, Doctor of Letters, Doctor of Science, Bharathidasan University give the degree of “Doctor of Letters, Doctor of Laws

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